HP Innovation Journal Issue 03: Summer 2016 | Page 5

U ntil the rise of the Industrial Revolution, Approaching the perfect storm hand-crafted one off design and man- ufacturing was the norm. Blacksmiths Over the next 10 to 15 years socioeconomic were both designer and manufacturer; each pair forces, advanced design and production of horseshoes they crafted was unique, even innovation, and highly automated printing when made for the same horse! Production was processes will intersect to create a massive slow and things were made to order. Save for a few high 3D Transformation value items like coffee, tea and spices, products were rarely if ever made in ad- vance, inventoried and ready for sale. Supply chains for manufactured goods were piecemeal. Pre- Industrial Internet 3D But that changed in the Industrial Revolution Transformation 18 th century with the rise of the machine and the First Driving the next industrial revolution through the democratization of design and ubiquitous production Industrial Revolution. Textiles went from being hand-spun, to woven with transformation of design and manufacturing. a spinning wheel and loom, leading to faster As we discussed in the last issue o f the production time with lower cost material. The HP Innovation Journal, how and where we introductions of the weaving loom, cotton design, sell and manufacture products will gin, steam engine and factories to assemble continue to become both hyper-global and product changed the very nature of how things hyper-local thanks to a globally connected were made. world with a diverse set of local require- Over a period of roughly 75 years—late ments. Production will move closer to the 1700s to the mid-1800s—production became consumer, with local 3D-print service bureaus increasingly standardized. Each task from design throughout the world, thus accelerating to manufacturing and assembly was broken product delivery, reducing carbon footprint, down into discrete functions. Henry Ford’s and simplifying logistics and inventory man- Model T took things to a new level at the start agement. How those products move from of the 20th century, gaining speed and efficiency design to production to those 3D printing with the introduction of mass production and hubs will become easier, smarter and faster. factories. New materials and methodologies Until recently we’ve been designing prod- from metal casting to injection molding helped ucts for the 3D world in which we live, using to produce most of the products around us to- 2D design and compute tools. We’ve been day. With refined workforce and manufacturing largely unable to bring our physical inspira- practices, and the computer automation of tions into our digital design process. Sprout previously manual labor-intensive tasks, things by HP marks a first step to overcoming that have continued to be produced faster and in obstacle, enabling larger quantity throughout the past century. Despite all this, the basic design and manu- facturing process hasn’t fundamentally changed over the past 100+ years. In fact, not only have the processes not improved but they’ve put a substantial strain on our natural resources, pushed production farther and farther from the consumer, and constrained design flexibility and customization. us to bring 2D and 3D objects directly into our product design workflow—allowing designers to manipulate and work with those objects using their hands—seamlessly blend- ing our physical and digital worlds. Democratizing design and manufacturing Ultimately the success of this end-to-end transfor- mation will rely heavily on the printing of the final product. With 3D printing Next comes the move from the Industrial Revolution traditional manufacturing process to additive manu- facturing. In the simplest of terms that means rather than manufacturing mostly 2 dimensional parts and assembling them together to make a product, you add New HP Jet Fusion 3D printer layers of material thus building a product from the ground up with minimum or no assembly and more dimension. With the introduction of HP Jet Fusion 3D printers being showcased at drupa 2016, based on a disruptive HP Multi Jet Fusion tech- nology, new levels of 3D production speed can be achieved, Part sample printed with HP Multi Jet Fusion technology; ©Krasul Issue 3 · Summer 2016 · Innovation Journal 5